Dyspraxia (also known as Developmental Co-ordination Disorder) is a neurodevelopmental condition.
Dyspraxia affects the messages between the brain and the body, causing problems with co-ordination and balance and difficulties with gross and fine motor skills.
Gross motor difficulties could mean difficulties with getting dressed, catching a ball, large body movements. Fine motor skill issues could mean difficulty with handwriting, tie-ing shoe laces and doing up buttons.
It impacts on the learning of sequences of movements (‘doing things in the right order’).
It can also results in immature speech and getting words muddled.
Dyspraxic people also typically report difficulties with executive functions; this is planning, processing information, short-term memory, organisation and time keeping. We have mentioned this word “ executive functions “ in our interventions section, and we work with children on developing these skills.
Dyspraxia affects awareness of where the body is in space and in relation to things around it (known as proprioception and vestibular senses). It can also affect other sensory systems, meaning people with dyspraxia can for example be over or under sensitive to light, sound and touch.
Dyspraxia does not affect intelligence and there are many successful people with dyspraxia. Some famous people with dyspraxia would be;
Albert Einstein - Theoretical Physicist
Bill Gates – Founder of Microsoft
Daniel Radcliffe – Actor in Harry Potter films
Richard Branson – Virgin Airlines & Virgin TV
Robin Williams - Actor
Dyspraxia has a lot of overlap with other neurodevelopmental conditions (eg. Autism, ADHD, Dyslexia, Tourette’s), and people with dyspraxia may have more than one of these.
Dyspraxia is a lifelong condition: dyspraxic children become dyspraxic adults.
Dyspraxia leads to an increased risk of low self-esteem, anxiety and low mood. This is often directly linked to the embarrassment, stress and tiredness which their condition causes. Symptoms of dyspraxia can fluctuate, depending on other stressors that the individual is under at different stages in their lives.
From experience, we don’t see too often two children who have the same dyspraxic issues. They are so varied so one intervention programme does not fit all dyspraxic children. That why an IIP (Individual Intervention Programme) is so important.
If you have any queries or questions please feel free to contact us.